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Product Name : PHENYTOIN                                                      
Product Description : Phenytoin sodium is a commonly used antiepileptic. Phenytoin acts to suppress the abnormal brain activity seen in seizure by reducing electrical conductance among brain cells by stabilizing the inactive state of voltage-gated sodium channels. Aside from seizures, it is an option in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia in the event that carbamazepine or other first-line treatment seems inappropriate. Phenytoin, (5,5-diphenylimidazolidinedione) is synthesized in two different ways. The first involves a base catalyzed addition of Urea to benzil followed by a benzilic acid rearrangement (1,2 phenyl migration) to form the desired product. This is known as the Biltz Synthesis of phenytoin. The second method involves the reaction of benzophenone with potassium cyanide in the presence of ammonium carbonate, followed by the simultaneous cyclization of the resulting product (carboxyaminonitrile) and its rearrangement under the reaction conditions to form phenytoin.
Chemical Formula : 5,5-diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione
CAS No : 57-41-0
Molecular Formula : C15H12N2O2
Molecular Weight : 252.268